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C is a high-level programming language developed by Dennis Ritchie at Bell Labs in the mid 1970s. C has proved to be a powerful and flexible language that can be used for a variety of applications, from business programs to engineering. It is considered to be the most imperative and general purpose machine language intended to serve as the building blocks for various popular programming languages such as JAVA, C/C++ , Python, JAVA script etc. C programming is fast at the machine level and can be used in programming of small chips. It is used from personal computer to supercomputers to develop the computer software. C facilitates for structured programming and allows the user for lexical variable scope and recursion.

C is an important language with following features:

  • Small size
  • Extensive use of function calls
  • Loose typing -- unlike PASCAL
  • Structured language
  • Pointer implementation
  • It produces efficient programs
  • Can be used as compiler
  • It can be compiled on a variety of computers
  • It has high-level constructs
  • It can handle low-level activities
  • Variable may be hidden in blocks
  • Characters may be used as integers
  • Function and data pointers supporting
  • Provides complex functionality like I/O, string manipulation and mathematical functions
  • Has a large number of compound operators like +=, ++, *=, etc.

Today it has been become a necessity of maximum programs and maximum software developers due to it works as compiler to interact with system. The most prominent feature of C is its rich set of operators like arithmetic (+, -, *, /, %), assignment (=), bitwise logic (~, and, |, ^), Boolean logic (!, and and , ||), conditional evaluation, equality testing (==, !=), function argument collection (( )), object size (sizeof), subexpression grouping (( )) and so on, which provides full functionality in the coding.

C++:

C++ pronounced as "C-Plus-Plus." is general purposed object oriented programming language, developed by Bjarne Stroustrup, and is considered to be an intermediate level language, as it encapsulates both high and low level language features. It is therefore possible to code C++ in a "C style" or "object-oriented style." It initially, the language was called 'C with classes’ as it had all properties of C language with an additional concept of 'classes’. , it is built upon the basic operators of C programming; hence it is compatible with almost every programming code in C programming framework.  However, it was renamed to C++ in 1983.  C ++ has incredible library support and have more than 3000 libraries available on the internet.

The syntax of C++ is nearly identical to C, but it has object-oriented features, which allow the programmer to create objects within the code. It is a system programming language with imperative, generic and object-oriented features of programming. C++ is used to design in embedded and operating system kernels. This makes programming easier, more efficient, and some would even say more fun. Because of the power and flexibility of the language, most software programs today are written in C++. For more information on C++, get our programming language assignment help.